|from William Porter Dickson's 1911 Questionnaire|
Kentucky, as a border state, had an unusual role in the Civil War. Kentuckians owned slaves, but they also wanted to preserve the Union. In 1861, they declared themselves a neutral state. But, both Union and Confederate armies were raised there. The capital in Frankfurt then declared itself loyal to the Union, but others in the town of Russell voted to secede.
|On this map, you can see William's 3rd battle, Richmond, on Aug 30th, 1862|
You can also see the 4th battle, Perryville, Oct 8th, 1862 (images from Wikipedia, public domain)
|Battle of Perryville - the extreme left - Stwarkweather's bridage|
Associated name on shelfist card: Middleton, Strobridge & Co.
Source: Library of Congress (image from Wikipedia)
Led by General Braxton Bragg, about 16,000 Confederates met approximately 20,000 Union soldiers. Partly because many of the Union troops had never fought before, the Confederates had a tactical victory at Perryville. However, the Confederates had thousands of casualties: 532 killed, 2,651 wounded, & 228 missing or captured. With this huge loss, General Bragg retreated to Tennessee and the Union would control Kentucky for the rest of the war.
Abraham Lincoln had said, "'I think to lose Kentucky is to lose the whole game." The war might have ended a lot different if the Union had lost Kentucky.
One last note of interest: the Emancipation Proclamation, which took affect January 1st, 1863, did not apply to the slaves of Kentucky as they were a part of the Union! The slaves of Kentucky were freed with the 13th amendment which was adopted almost 3 years later on December 6, 1865.
- video "The Civil War in Kentucky" at the Perryville Battlefield site
- video "Perryville Maney's Attack Tour Part 1 150th Anniversary"
- The Civil War Trust site on Perryville
- wikipedia (for images)